Why visit: history, getting around
A Brief History of the Millennium Underground
At the time of its completion in 1885, Andrássy Avenue was considered a masterpiece of city planning and even public transport was prohibited to preserve its character. This brought about the idea to build a railroad beneath it. The first subway line in continental Europe opened in 1896 and is still in use as the M1 or the yellow line.
Like many other buildings in Budapest, the Millennium Underground Railway was commissioned to celebrate the Millennium in 1896. Trains ran along Andrássy Avenue, from Gizella Square (today Vörösmarty Square) to the Zoo in City Park, in a northeast-southwest direction. There were eleven stations, nine were underground and two were above the ground. The length of the line was 3.7 km (2.3 miles) at that time; trains started in every two minutes. It was able to carry as many as 35,000 people a day (today, about 100,000 people travel on it on a workday). The history of the subway line can be seen at the Underground Museum.
The Millennium Underground is still in use and it makes the following stops:
- Vörösmarty Square (Vörösmarty tér)
- Deák Ferenc Square (Deák Ferenc tér)
- Bajcsy-Zsilinszky Street (Bajcsy-Zsilinszky út)
- Vörösmarty Street (Vörösmarty utca)
- Kodály circus (Kodály körönd)
- Bajza Street (Bajza utca)
- Heroes' Square (Hősök tere)
- Széchenyi Baths (Széchenyi fürdő)
- Mexikói Street (Mexikói út)